Spherical mode analysis of planar frequency-independent multi-arm antennas based on its surface current distribution
Deployment in the design of mobile radio terminals focuses on the implementation of multiradio transmission systems, using a multiplicity of different radio standards combined with high-speed data communication over multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and multimode diversity techniques. Hence, planar log.-per. four-arm antennas are predistined to meet the requirements of future mobile multiradio RF-frontends and will be introduced and analysed in terms of an efficient spherical mode analysis by means of surface current distribution in order to derive an analytic access to MIMO- and polarisation-diversity performance computation. A remarkable parameter reduction and a faster numerical analysis with respect to conventional techniques may be achieved. The sources in the near-field antenna region are based on the numerical computation of surface currents involving the finite element method (FEM). Relations between the variations of the geometrical antenna parameters and the excitation of discrete spherical modes are presented and will be analysed in detail.