Composition and properties of meat of Pomeranian purebred lambs and their crossbreeds with Berrichon du Cher and Charolaise
The quality characteristics of meat from 50-day-old Pomeranian lambs (PP) and crossbreeds by Berrichon du Cher (PB) and Charolaise (PCH) rams were determined in the study. Samples of the quadriceps muscle of the tight (
m. quadriceps femoris) were taken to determine the chemical composition, physicochemical and healthful properties of meat, such as energy value, concentrations of cholesterol and collagen and the fatty acid profile in intramuscular fat. A sensory evaluation of lamb and texture measurement were also performed.
It was found that both sire breeds had a significant effect on meat quality. Meat from crossbreds contained more dry matter and protein, and was characterized by a more desirable W/P ratio, a lower calorific value, a lower collagen content and better texture parameters. Crossing had no considerable influence on the fatty acid composition in intramuscular fat, but caused changes in the cholesterol content of meat, which decreased in PB lambs and increased in PCH lambs. Taking into account the health benefits and culinary values of lamb, Berrichon du Cher is a preferred sire breed.