Solar cycle effect on geomagnetic storms caused by interplanetary magnetic clouds
We investigated geomagnetic activity which was induced by interplanetary magnetic clouds during the past four solar cycles, 1965–1998. We have found that the intensity of such geomagnetic storms is more severe in solar maximum than in solar minimum. In addition, we affirm that the average solar wind speed of magnetic clouds is faster in solar maximum than in solar minimum. In this study, we find that solar activity level plays a major role on the intensity of geomagnetic storms. In particular, some new statistical results are found and listed as follows. (1) The intensity of a geomagnetic storm in a solar active period is stronger than in a solar quiet period. (2) The magnitude of negative Bzmin is larger in a solar active period than in a quiet period. (3) Solar wind speed in an active period is faster than in a quiet period. (4) VBsmax in an active period is much larger than in a quiet period. (5) Solar wind parameters, Bzmin, Vmax and VBsmax are correlated well with geomagnetic storm intensity, Dstmin during a solar active period. (6) Solar wind parameters, Bzmin, and VBsmax are not correlated well (very poorly for Vmax) with geomagnetic storm intensity during a solar quiet period. (7) The speed of the solar wind plays a key role in the correlation of solar wind parameters vs. the intensity of a geomagnetic storm. (8) More severe storms with Dstmin≤−100 nT caused by MCs occurred in the solar active period than in the solar quiet period.