Microstructure observations during the spring 2011 STRATIPHYT-II cruise in the northeast Atlantic
Small-scale temperature and conductivity variations have been measured in the upper 100 m of the northeast Atlantic during the STRATIPHYT-II cruise (Las Palmas–Reykjavik, 6 April–3 May 2011). The measurements were done at midday and comprised 2 to 15 vertical profiles at each station. The derived turbulent quantities show a transition between weakly-stratified (mixed layer depth, MLD, <100) and well-mixed waters (MLD > 100), which was centered at about 48° N. The temperature eddy diffusivities, KT, range from 10 −5 to 10 0 m 2 s −1 in the weakly-stratified stations, and range from 3 × 10 −4 to 2 × 10 0 m 2 s −1 in the well-mixed stations. The turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rates, ε, range from 3 × 10 −8 to 2 × 10 −6 m 2 s −3 south of the transition zone, and from 10 −7 to 10 −5 m 2 s −3 north of the transition zone. The station-averaged KT values throughout the mixed layer increase exponentially with the wind speed. The station-averaged ε values throughout the mixed layer scale with the wind stress similarity variable with a scaling factor of about 1.8 in the wind-dominated stations (ε ≈ 1.8 u☆3/(−κ z)). The values of KT and ε are on average 10 times higher compared to the values measured at the same stations in July 2009. The results presented here constitute a unique data set giving large spatial coverage of upper ocean spring turbulence quantities.