Reducing false alarm rates during change detection by modeling relief, shade and shadow of multi-temporal imagery.
Change detection on the basis of multi-temporal imagery may lead to false alarms when the image has changed, whereas the scene has not. Geometric image differerences in an unchanged scene may be due to relief displacement, caused by diferent camera positions. Radiometric differences may be caused by changes in illumimation and shadow between the images, caused by a different position of the sun. The effects may be predicted, and after that compensated, if a 3d model of the scene is available. The paper presents an integrated approach to prediction of and compensation for relief displacement, shading and shadow.