Modelling the appearance of heritage metallic surfaces

MacDonald, L.; Hindmarch, J.; Robson, S.; Terras, M.

Polished metallic surfaces exhibit a high degree of specularity, which makes them difficult to reproduce accurately. We have applied two different techniques for modelling a heritage object known as the Islamic handbag. Photogrammetric multi-view stereo enabled a dense point cloud to be extracted from a set of photographs with calibration targets, and a geometrically accurate 3D model produced. A new method based on photometric stereo from a set of images taken in an illumination dome enabled surface normals to be generated for each face of the object and its appearance to be rendered, to a high degree of visual realism, when illuminated by one or more light sources from any angles. The specularity of the reflection from the metal surface was modelled by a modified Lorentzian function.

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MacDonald, L. / Hindmarch, J. / Robson, S. / et al: Modelling the appearance of heritage metallic surfaces. 2014. Copernicus Publications.

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