Continuous measurements of atmospheric water vapour isotopes in western Siberia (Kourovka)

Bastrikov, V.; Steen-Larsen, H. C.; Masson-Delmotte, V.; Gribanov, K.; Cattani, O.; Jouzel, J.; Zakharov, V.

The isotopic composition of atmospheric water vapour at the land surface has been continuously monitored at the Kourovka astronomical observatory in western Siberia (57.037° N, 59.547° E; 300 m a.s.l.) since April 2012. These measurements provide the first record of δD, δ 18O and d-excess in this region. Air was sampled at 8 m height within a forest clearing. Measurements were made with a wavelength-scanned cavity ring-down spectroscopy analyzer (Picarro L2130-i). Specific improvements of the measurement system and calibration protocol have been made to ensure reliable measurements at low humidity during winter. The isotopic measurements conducted till August 2013 exhibit a clear seasonal cycle with maximum δD and δ 18O values in summer and minimum values in winter. In addition, considerable synoptic timescale variability of isotopic composition was observed with typical variations of 50–100‰ for δD, 10–15‰ for δ 18O and 2–8‰ for d-excess. The strong correlations between δD and local meteorological parameters (logarithm of humidity and temperature) are explored, with a lack of dependency in summer that points to the importance of continental recycling and local evapotranspiration. The overall correlation between δD and temperature is associated with a slope of 3‰ °C −1. Large d-excess diurnal variability was observed during summer with up to 30‰ decrease during the night and the minima manifested shortly after sunrise. Two dominant diurnal cycle patterns for d-excess differing by the magnitude of the d-excess decrease (21‰ and 7‰) and associated patterns for meteorological observations have been determined. The total uncertainty of the isotopic measurements was quantified as 1.4–11.2‰ for δD, 0.23–1.84‰ for δ 18O and 2.3–18.5‰ for d-excess depending on the humidity.

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Bastrikov, V. / Steen-Larsen, H. C. / Masson-Delmotte, V. / et al: Continuous measurements of atmospheric water vapour isotopes in western Siberia (Kourovka). 2014. Copernicus Publications.

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