Devices based on series-connected Schottky junctions and β-Ga 2O 3/SiC heterojunctions characterized as hydrogen sensors
Field-effect hydrogen gas sensor devices were fabricated with the structure of a series connection between Schottky junctions and β-Ga 2O 3/6H-SiC heterojunctions. β-Ga 2O 3 thin films were deposited on n-type and p-type 6H-SiC substrates by gallium evaporation in oxygen plasma. These devices have rectifying properties and were characterized as hydrogen sensors by a Pt electrode. The hydrogen-sensing properties of both devices were measured in the range of 300–500 °C. The Pt/Ga 2O 3/n-SiC device revealed hydrogen-sensing properties as conventional Schottky diode-type devices. The forward current of the Pt/Ga 2O 3/p-SiC device was significantly increased under exposure to hydrogen. The behaviors of hydrogen sensing of the devices were explained using band diagrams of the Pt/Ga 2O 3/SiC structure biased in the forward and reverse directions.