Inland Water Bodies Monitoring using Satellite Altimetry over Indian Region
Satellite altimetry for inland water applications has evolved from investigation of water height retrieval to monitoring since last two decades. Altimetry derived reservoir/ river levels can subsequently be used to deal with key inland water resources problems such as flood, rating curve generation for remote locations, reservoir operations, and calibration of river/lake models. In this work 29 inland water bodies were selected over Indian region to monitor from satellite altimetry. First cut selection of potential water bodies was based on availability of altimeter tracks and geographic locations. Then feasibility study was carried out to check the potential of availability of in-situ measurement and scope of GPS survey for final selection. An algorithm is proposed and tested for the waterlevel retrieval over the Ukai Reservoir which fulfil all the necessary requirements. The methodology is based on averaged high rate waveforms, modified retracker and range corrections. The results were then validated with the GPS survey and in-situ tide gauge dataset. SARAL derived water-level information for six different retrackers were compared with the in-situ tide-gauge dataset installed close to the Ukai Dam. Averaged high rate waveforms were analysed for better performance, i.e. single 40 Hz, and multiple 40-Hz. A field trip was conducted on 17th January 2014, same day on the SARAL pass, using two Dual frequency GPS instruments. New improved retracker work best with overall RMSE within the range of 8 cm. The results supports that AltiKa dataset can be utilized for more accurate water level information over inland water bodies.