Influence of sea surface roughness length parameterization on Mistral and Tramontane simulations
The Mistral and Tramontane are mesoscale winds in southern France and above the Western Mediterranean Sea. They are phenomena well suited for studying channeling effects as well as atmosphere–land/ocean processes. This sensitivity study deals with the influence of the sea surface roughness length parameterizations on simulated Mistral and Tramontane wind speed and wind direction. Several simulations with the regional climate model COSMO-CLM were performed for the year 2005 with varying values for the Charnock parameter α. Above the western Mediterranean area, the simulated wind speed and wind direction pattern on Mistral days changes depending on the parameterization used. Higher values of α lead to lower simulated wind speeds. In areas, where the simulated wind speed does not change much, a counterclockwise rotation of the simulated wind direction is observed.