3D VISUALIZATION OF MANGROVE AND AQUACULTURE CONVERSION IN BANATE BAY, ILOILO
Studies have shown that mangrove forests in the Philippines have been drastically reduced due to conversion to fishponds, salt ponds, reclamation, as well as other forms of industrial development and as of 2011, Iloilo’s 95 % mangrove forest was converted to fishponds. In this research, six (6) Landsat images acquired on the years 1973, 1976, 2000, 2006, 2010, and 2016, were classified using Support Vector Machine (SVM) Classification to determine land cover changes, particularly the area change of mangrove and aquaculture from 1976 to 2016. The results of the classification were used as layers for the generation of 3D visualization models using four (4) platforms namely Google Earth, ArcScene, Virtual Terrain Project, and Terragen. A perception survey was conducted among respondents with different levels of expertise in spatial analysis, 3D visualization, as well as in forestry, fisheries, and aquatic resources to assess the usability, effectiveness, and potential of the various platforms used. Change detection showed that largest negative change for mangrove areas happened from 1976 to 2000, with the mangrove area decreasing from 545.374 hectares to 286.935 hectares. Highest increase in fishpond area occurred from 1973 to 1976 rising from 2,930.67 hectares to 3,441.51 hectares. Results of the perception survey showed that ArcScene is preferred for spatial analysis while respondents favored Terragen for 3D visualization and for forestry, fishery and aquatic resources applications.