TOWARDS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SEMI-DYNAMIC DATUM FOR MALAYSIA

Shariff, N. S.; Gill, J.; Amin, Z. M.; Omar, K. M.

A semi-dynamic datum provides positions with respect to time while taking into account the secular and non-secular deformations, making it the best approach to adapt with the dynamic processes of the earth. Malaysia, as yet, employs a static datum, i.e., GDM2000, at epoch 2000; though Malaysia has evidently been affected by seismic activity for the past decade. Therefore, this paper seeks to propose a design for implementing a semi-dynamic datum for Malaysia. Methodologically, GPS time series analyses are carried out to investigate the seismic activity of Malaysia, which essentially contributes to the proposed design of the semi-dynamic datum for Malaysia. The implications of implementing a semi-dynamic datum for Malaysia are discussed as well. The results indicate that Malaysia undergoes a complex deformation; whereby the earthquakes – primarily the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman, 2005 Nias and 2012 Northern Sumatra earthquakes – have affected the underlying secular velocities of Malaysia. Consequently, from this information, the proposed design, particularly the secular and non-secular deformation models, is described in detail. The proposed semi-dynamic datum comprises a transformation, temporal, and spatial module, and utilizes a bilinear interpolation method. Overall, this paper aims to contribute to the feasibility of a semi-dynamic datum approach for Malaysia.

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Shariff, N. S. / Gill, J. / Amin, Z. M. / et al: TOWARDS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SEMI-DYNAMIC DATUM FOR MALAYSIA. 2017. Copernicus Publications.

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