Satellite observations for describing fire patterns and climate-related fire drivers in the Brazilian savannas

Mataveli, Guilherme Augusto Verola; Silva, Maria Elisa Siqueira; Pereira, Gabriel; da Silva Cardozo, Francielle; Kawakubo, Fernando Shinji; Bertani, Gabriel; Costa, Julio Cezar; de Cássia Ramos, Raquel; da Silva, Viviane Valéria

In the Brazilian savannas (Cerrado biome) fires are natural and a tool for shifting land use; therefore, temporal and spatial patterns result from the interaction of climate, vegetation condition and human activities. Moreover, orbital sensors are the most effective approach to establish patterns in the biome. We aimed to characterize fire, precipitation and vegetation condition regimes and to establish spatial patterns of fire occurrence and their correlation with precipitation and vegetation condition in the Cerrado. The Cerrado was first and second biome for the occurrence of burned areas (BA) and hotspots, respectively. Occurrences are higher during the dry season and in the savanna land use. Hotspots and BA tend to decrease, and concentrate in the north, but more intense hotspots are not necessarily located where concentration is higher. Spatial analysis showed that averaged and summed values can hide patterns, such as for precipitation, which has the lowest average in August, but minimum precipitation in August was found in 7 % of the Cerrado. Usually, there is a 2–3-month lag between minimum precipitation and maximum hotspots and BA, while minimum VCI and maximum hotspots and BA occur in the same month. Hotspots and BA are better correlated with VCI than precipitation, qualifying VCI as an indicator of the susceptibility of vegetation to ignition.

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Mataveli, Guilherme Augusto Verola / Silva, Maria Elisa Siqueira / Pereira, Gabriel / et al: Satellite observations for describing fire patterns and climate-related fire drivers in the Brazilian savannas. 2018. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Guilherme Augusto Verola Mataveli et al.

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