An analytical study of M2 tidal waves in the Taiwan Strait using an extended Taylor method

Wu, Di; Fang, Guohong; Cui, Xinmei; Teng, Fei

The tides in the Taiwan Strait (TS) feature large semidiurnal lunar (inline-formulaM2) amplitudes. An extended Taylor method is employed in this study to provide an analytical model for the inline-formulaM2 tide in the TS. The strait is idealized as a rectangular basin with a uniform depth, and the Coriolis force and bottom friction are retained in the governing equations. The observed tides at the northern and southern openings are used as open boundary conditions. The obtained analytical solution, which consists of a stronger southward propagating Kelvin wave, a weaker northward propagating Kelvin wave, and two families of Poincaré modes trapped at the northern and southern openings, agrees well with the observations in the strait. The superposition of two Kelvin waves basically represents the observed tidal pattern, including an anti-nodal band in the central strait, and the cross-strait asymmetry (greater amplitudes in the west and smaller in the east) of the anti-nodal band. Inclusion of Poincaré modes further improves the model result in that the cross-strait asymmetry can be better reproduced. To explore the formation mechanism of the northward propagating wave in the TS, three experiments are carried out, including the deep basin south of the strait. The results show that the southward incident wave is reflected to form a northward wave by the abruptly deepened topography south of the strait, but the reflected wave is slightly weaker than the northward wave obtained from the above analytical solution, in which the southern open boundary condition is specified with observations. Inclusion of the forcing at the Luzon Strait strengthens the northward Kelvin wave in the TS, and the forcing is thus of some (but lesser) importance to the inline-formulaM2 tide in the TS.

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Wu, Di / Fang, Guohong / Cui, Xinmei / et al: An analytical study of M2 tidal waves in the Taiwan Strait using an extended Taylor method. 2018. Copernicus Publications.

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