TERRESTRIAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY VS LASER SCANNING FOR RAPID EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE ASSESSMENT
Building damage assessment caused by earthquakes is essential during the response phase following a catastrophic event. Modern techniques include terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry based on Structure from Motion algorithm and Laser Scanning with the latter to prove its superiority in accuracy assessment due to the high-density point clouds. However, standardized procedures during emergency surveys often could not be followed due to restrictions of outdoor operations because of debris or decrepit buildings, the high human presence of civil protection agencies, expedited deployment of survey team and cost of operations. The aim of this paper is to evaluate whether terrestrial photogrammetry based on a handheld amateur DSLR camera can be used to map building damages, structural deformations and facade production in an accepted accuracy comparing to laser scanning technique. The study area is the Vrisa village, Lesvos, Greece where a Mw 6.3 earthquake occurred on June 12th, 2017. A dense point cloud from some digital images created based on Structure from Motion algorithm and compared with a dense point cloud acquired by a laser scanner. The distance measurement and the comparison were conducted with the Multiscale Model to Model Cloud Comparison method. According to the results, the mean of the absolute distances between the two clouds is 0.038 m while the 94.9 % of the point distances are less than 0.1 m. Terrestrial photogrammetry proved to be an accurate methodology for rapid earthquake damage assessment thus its products were used by local authorities for the calculation of the compensation for the property loss.