Hydrogel-based piezoresistive sensor for the detection of ethanol

Erfkamp, Jan; Guenther, Margarita; Gerlach, Gerald

This article describes a low-cost sensor for the detection of ethanol in alcoholic beverages, which combines alcohol-sensitive hydrogels based on acrylamide and bisacrylamide and piezoresistive sensors. For reproducible measurements, the reversible swelling and deswelling of the hydrogel were shown via microscopy. The response time of the sensor depends on the swelling kinetics of the hydrogel. The selectivity of the hydrogel was tested in different alcohols. In order to understand the influence of monomer and crosslinker content on the swelling degree and on the sensitivity of the hydrogels, gels with variable concentrations of acrylamide and bisacrylamide were synthesized and characterized in different aqueous solutions with alcohol contents. The first measurements of such hydrogel-based piezoresistive ethanol sensors demonstrated a high sensitivity and a short response time over several measuring cycles.

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Erfkamp, Jan / Guenther, Margarita / Gerlach, Gerald: Hydrogel-based piezoresistive sensor for the detection of ethanol. 2018. Copernicus Publications.

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