Regional rainfall thresholds for landslide occurrence using a centenary database

Vaz, Teresa; Zêzere, José Luís; Pereira, Susana; Oliveira, Sérgio Cruz; Garcia, Ricardo A. C.; Quaresma, Ivânia

This work proposes a comprehensive method to assess rainfall thresholds for landslide initiation using a centenary landslide database associated with a single centenary daily rainfall data set. The method is applied to the Lisbon region and includes the rainfall return period analysis that was used to identify the critical rainfall combination (cumulated rainfall duration) related to each landslide event. The spatial representativeness of the reference rain gauge is evaluated and the rainfall thresholds are assessed and calibrated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) metrics.

Results show that landslide events located up to 10 km from the rain gauge can be used to calculate the rainfall thresholds in the study area; however, these thresholds may be used with acceptable confidence up to 50 km from the rain gauge. The rainfall thresholds obtained using linear and potential regression perform well in ROC metrics. However, the intermediate thresholds based on the probability of landslide events established in the zone between the lower-limit threshold and the upper-limit threshold are much more informative as they indicate the probability of landslide event occurrence given rainfall exceeding the threshold. This information can be easily included in landslide early warning systems, especially when combined with the probability of rainfall above each threshold.

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Zitierform:

Vaz, Teresa / Zêzere, José Luís / Pereira, Susana / et al: Regional rainfall thresholds for landslide occurrence using a centenary database. 2018. Copernicus Publications.

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