INFLUENCE OF SKY CONDITIONS ON ESTIMATION OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC PHOTON FLUX DENSITY FOR AGRICULTURAL ECOSYSTEM
Photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD: µmol m −2 s −1) is indispensable for plant physiology processes in photosynthesis. However, PPFD is seldom measured, so that PPFD has been estimated by using solar radiation (SR: W m −2) measured in world wide. In method using SR, there are two steps: first to estimate photosynthetically active radiation (PAR: W m −2) by the fraction of PAR to SR ( PF) and second: to convert PAR to PPFD using the ratio of quanta to energy ( Q / E: µmol J −1). PF and Q/E usually have been used as the constant values, however, recent studies point out that PF and Q / E would not be constants under various sky conditions. In this study, we use the numeric data of sky-conditions factors such cloud cover, sun appearance/hiding and relative sky brightness derived from whole-sky image processing and examine the influences of sky-conditions factors on PF and Q / E of global and diffuse PAR. Furthermore, we discuss our results by comparing with the existing methods.