MONITORING AND ANALYZING THE GEOSPATIAL PATTERNS OF THE PEARL RIVER DELTA (PRD) FROM 1960 TO 2012
The Geospatial Patterns Pearl River Delta (PRD), one of the most economically-important and fastest-growing regions in China, have changed remarkably and continuously during the past decades. In this research, the change of landuse, coastline during 1960–2012 were closely investigated to provide better description and explanation of the geospatial pattern. And the relationships between them were explored. Finally, the impact that urban expansion brought to the coastal environment was quantitatively analyzed. The main remarks of this research are summarized into the following points: (1) In PRD, construction land expanded 33 times. In the meantime, the area of forest and farmland decreased 47.53 % and 56.70 %, respectively. (2) The land demand for agricultural development was the key factor that changed coastline in PRD before 2000. Since 2000, land demand for urban construction has been the key factor that changed coastline in PRD. (3) During 1960 to 2012, the length of coastline in PRD increased from 1134.95 km to 1508.02 km with an increasing speed of 7.17 km per year. Relatively, the coastline changed more obvious in three periods (2004 to 2006, 2006 to 2008 and 2008 to 2010). (4) The type of coastline changed remarkably from 1960 to 2012. 82.94 % of the natural coastline in PRD disappeared until 2012. Known from this research, the geospatial patterns of the PRD changed remarkably during 1960 to 2012, mainly driven by human activities. The coastal environment is facing serious risks and challenges under the rapid process of urbanization.