THE STUDY OF RESIDENTIAL AREAS EXTRACTION BASED ON GF-3 TEXTURE IMAGE SEGMENTATION
The study chooses the standard stripe and dual polarization SAR images of GF-3 as the basic data. Residential areas extraction processes and methods based upon GF-3 images texture segmentation are compared and analyzed. GF-3 images processes include radiometric calibration, complex data conversion, multi-look processing, images filtering, and then conducting suitability analysis for different images filtering methods, the filtering result show that the filtering method of Kuan is efficient for extracting residential areas, then, we calculated and analyzed the texture feature vectors using the GLCM (the Gary Level Co-occurrence Matrix), texture feature vectors include the moving window size, step size and angle, the result show that：window size is 11*11, step is 1, and angle is 0°, which is effective and optimal for the residential areas extracting. And with the FNEA (Fractal Net Evolution Approach), we segmented the GLCM texture images, and extracted the residential areas by threshold setting. The result of residential areas extraction verified and assessed by confusion matrix. Overall accuracy is 0.897, kappa is 0.881, and then we extracted the residential areas by SVM classification based on GF-3 images, the overall accuracy is less 0.09 than the accuracy of extraction method based on GF-3 Texture Image Segmentation. We reached the conclusion that，residential areas extraction based on GF-3 SAR texture image multi-scale segmentation is simple and highly accurate. although, it is difficult to obtain multi-spectrum remote sensing image in southern China, in cloudy and rainy weather throughout the year, this paper has certain reference significance.