AN INTERFEROMETRIC PROCESSING METHOD TO MAINTAIN BOTH ACCURACY AND RESOLUTION OF DEM USING GAOFEN-3 SAR DATA
Gaofen-3 (GF-3) is the only in-orbit SAR satellite of China civilian fields. It is designed especially for ocean observation but not for interferometric applications. However, during the past one and a half years, the orbits of the satellite were adjusted for several times to ensure that the perpendicular baseline is short enough to provide interferograms. In this paper, we used the multi-look iteration algorithm to analyze the DEM obtained from InSAR. We first provide the theory of the method by considering the relationship between multi-look factor and the interferometric phase gradient. Then the GF-3 data as well as TanDEM-X data covering Songshan Mountain are taken for experiments. We use both the GCP data as well as the SRTM DEM for reference. The root-mean-square (RMS) values of TanDEM-X DEM assessed using GCP are 9.4 m, 9.3 m and 8.3 m with reference to ML factors of 8 × 8, 4 × 4 and 2 × 2, respectively. If we assess using SRTM, the corresponding RMS are 1.7 m, 5.4 m and 5.4 m. The result is opposite to that obtained using GCP given that the grid size of SRTM DEM is 90 m. The larger the ML factor, the more similar the calculated DEM to SRTM. RMS of GF-3 DEM compared to GCP is 10.2 m, 13.0 m and 13.8 m with reference to ML factors of 8 × 8, 4 × 4 and 2 × 2, respectively. While that compared to SRTM is 4.6 m, 15.1 m and 23.7 m. The accuracy is low compared to TanDEM-X DEM. Results show that the GF-3 data is potential in providing DEM data. However, the operational applications using GF-3 as interferometric data source would be challenging because of the instability of baseline coherence as well as the temporal coherence.