THE RESEARCH OF CORRELATION OF WATER SURFACE SPECTRAL AND SEDIMENT PARAMETERS
In the method of survey underwater topography using remote sensing, and the water surface spectral reflectance R, which remote sensing inversion results were closely related to affects by the water and underwater sediment and other aspects, especially in shallow nearshore coastal waters, different sediment types significantly affected the reflectance changes. Therefore, it was of great significance of improving retrieval accuracy to explore the relation of sediment and water surface spectral reflectance. In this study, in order to explore relationship, we used intertidal sediment sand samples in Sheyang estuary, and in the laboratory measured and calculated the chroma indicators, and the water surface spectral reflectance. We found that water surface spectral reflectance had a high correlation with the chroma indicators; research result stated that the color of the sediment had an very important impact on the water surface spectral, especially in Red-Green chroma a*. Also, the research determined the sensitive spectrum bands of the Red-Green chroma a*, which were 636–617 nm, 716–747 nm and 770–792 nm.