FLOOD EXTENT MAPPING USING DUAL-POLARIMETRIC SENTINEL-1 SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR IMAGERY
Rapid generation of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) based flood extent maps provide valuable data in disaster response efforts thanks to the cloud penetrating ability of microwaves. We present a method using dual-polarimetric SAR imagery acquired on Sentinel-1a/b satellites. A false-colour map is generated using pre- and post- disaster imagery, allowing operators to distinguish between existing standing water pre-flooding, and recently flooded areas. The method works best in areas of standing water and provides mixed results in urban areas. A flood depth map is also estimated by using an external DEM. We will present the methodology, it’s estimated accuracy as well as investigations into improving the response in urban areas.