RESPONSE OF ALPINE GRASSLAND VEGETATION PHENOLOGY TO SNOW ACCUMULATION AND MELT IN NAMCO BASIN
Snow/ice accumulation and melt, as a vital part of hydrological processes, is close related with vegetation activities. Taking Namco basin for example, based on multisource remote sensing data and the ground observation data of temperature and precipitation, phenological information was extracted by S-G filtering and dynamic threshold method. Daily snow cover fraction was calculated with daily cloud-free snow cover maps. Evolution characteristics of grassland vegetation greening, growth length and daily snow cover fraction and their relationship were analyzed from 2001 to 2013. The results showed that most of grassland vegetation had advanced greening and prolong growth length trend in Namco basin. There were negative correlations between snow cover fraction and vegetation greening or growth length. The response of vegetation phenology to snow cover fraction is more sensitive than that to temperature in spring. Meanwhile, vegetation growth condition turned worse with advanced greening and prolong growth length. To a certain extent, our research reveals the relationship between grassland vegetation growth cycle and snow in alpine ecosystem. It has provided reference to research the response mechanism of alpine grassland ecosystem to climate changes.