POLARIMETRIC CALIBRATION AND ASSESSMENT OF GF-3 IMAGES IN STEPPE
The GaoFen-3 (GF-3) satellite is the first fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) satellite in China. It has three fully polarimetric imaging modes and is available for many applications. The system has been taken on several calibration experiments after the launch in Inner Mongolia by the Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IECAS), and the polarimetric calibration (PolCAL) strategy of GF-3 are also improved. Therefore, it is necessary to assess the image quality before any further applications. In this paper, we evaluated the polarimetric residual errors of GF-3 images that acquired in July 2017 in a steppe site. The results shows that the crosstalk of these images varies from −36 dB to −46 dB, and the channel imbalance varies from −0.43 dB to 0.55 dB with angle varying from −1.6 to 3.6 degree. We also made a PolCAL experiment to restrain the polarimetric distortion afterwards, and the polarimetric quality of the image got better after the PolCAL processing.