DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY FOR THE GEOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE UMBRELLA-SHAPED DOME IN BAIA (NAPLES)
This paper is focused on the use of photogrammetric measurement techniques for the valorization of architectural and archaeological heritage. The functionality of this system allows operating with unfavourable conditions and pursues the accuracy of the measurement. This case of study presents a complex situation. Currently half part of the octagonal room annexed to the Temple of Mercury in Baia is underwater. Moreover the level of water may grow due to the characteristic movement of the soil in this area. The accuracy of photogrammetric method and the high definition of the camera used for the photo captures allow the reconstruction of the interior of the dome. The particular geometry of this surface stresses the relevance of a complete documentation of the dome. The research describes the method and tools used to realize this survey in difficult conditions and then analyze the geometry of the interior of the dome. In order to develop the geometrical analysis we carried on a series of operations on the point cloud and the survey model. The study of the photogrammetric model and the construction of an ideal model based on geometrical laws generate useful material to understand this complex vault.