THE ESTIMATION OF PRECISIONS IN THE PLANNING OF UAS PHOTOGRAMMETRIC SURVEYS
The Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) is widely used in the photogrammetric surveys both of structures and of small areas. Geomatics focuses the attention on the metric quality of the final products of the survey, creating several 3D modelling applications from UAS images. As widely known, the quality of results derives from the quality of images acquisition phase, which needs an a priori estimation of the expected precisions. The planning phase is typically managed using dedicated tools, adapted from the traditional aerial-photogrammetric flight plan. But UAS flight has features completely different from the traditional one. Hence, the use of UAS for photogrammetric applications today requires a growth in knowledge in planning.
The basic idea of this research is to provide a drone photogrammetric flight planning tools considering the required metric precisions, given a priori the classical parameters of a photogrammetric planning: flight altitude, overlaps and geometric parameters of the camera. The created “office suite” allows a realistic planning of a photogrammetric survey, starting from an approximate knowledge of the Digital Surface Model (DSM), and the effective attitude parameters, changing along the route. The planning products are the overlapping of the images, the Ground Sample Distance (GSD) and the precision on each pixel taking into account the real geometry. The different tested procedures, the obtained results and the solution proposed for the a priori estimates of the precisions in the particular case of UAS surveys are here reported.