Predicting future land cover change and its impact on streamflow and sediment load in a trans-boundary river basin

Wang, Jie; Wang, Hao; Ning, Shaowei; Hiroshi, Ishidaira

Sediment load can provide very important perspective on erosion of river basin. The changes of human-induced vegetation cover, such as deforestation or afforestation, affect sediment yield process of a catchment. We have already evaluated that climate change and land cover change changed the historical streamflow and sediment yield, and land cover change is the main factor in Red river basin. But future streamflow and sediment yield changes under potential future land cover change scenario still have not been evaluated. For this purpose, future scenario of land cover change is developed based on historical land cover changes and land change model (LCM). In addition, future leaf area index (LAI) is simulated by ecological model (Biome-BGC) based on future land cover scenario. Then future scenarios of land cover change and LAI are used to drive hydrological model and new sediment rating curve. The results of this research provide information that decision-makers need in order to promote water resources planning efforts. Besides that, this study also contributes a basic framework for assessing climate change impacts on streamflow and sediment yield that can be applied in the other basins around the world.

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Wang, Jie / Wang, Hao / Ning, Shaowei / et al: Predicting future land cover change and its impact on streamflow and sediment load in a trans-boundary river basin. 2018. Copernicus Publications.

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