Inter-channel uniformity of a microwave sounder in space

Burgdorf, Martin; Hans, Imke; Prange, Marc; Lang, Theresa; Buehler, Stefan A.

We analyzed intrusions of the Moon in the deep space view of the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-B on the NOAA-16 satellite and found no significant discrepancies in the signals from the different sounding channels between 2001 and 2008. However, earlier investigations had detected biases of up to 10‚ÄČK, by using simultaneous nadir overpasses of NOAA-16 with other satellites. These discrepancies in the observations of Earth scenes cannot be due to non-linearity of the receiver or contamination of the deep space view without affecting the signal from the Moon as well. As neither major anomalies of the on-board calibration target nor the local oscillator were present, we consider radio frequency interference in combination with a strongly decreasing gain the most obvious reason for the degrading photometric stability. By means of the chosen example we demonstrate the usefulness of the Moon for investigations of the performance of microwave sounders in flight.

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Burgdorf, Martin / Hans, Imke / Prange, Marc / et al: Inter-channel uniformity of a microwave sounder in space. 2018. Copernicus Publications.

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