Modeling the changes in water balance components of the highly irrigated western part of Bangladesh

Rahman, A. T. M. Sakiur; Ahmed, M. Shakil; Adnan, Hasnat Mohammad; Kamruzzaman, Mohammad; Khalek, M. Abdul; Mazumder, Quamrul Hasan; Jahan, Chowdhury Sarwar

The objectives of the present study were to explore the changes in the water balance components (WBCs) by co-utilizing the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and different forms of the Mann–Kendall (MK) test and develop a wavelet denoise autoregressive integrated moving average (WD-ARIMA) model for forecasting the WBCs. The results revealed that most of the potential evapotranspiration (inline-formulaPET) trends (approximately 73 %) had a decreasing tendency from 1981–1982 to 2012–2013 in the western part of Bangladesh. However, most of the trends (approximately 82 %) were not statistically significant at a 5 % significance level. The actual evapotranspiration (inline-formulaAET), annual deficit, and annual surplus also exhibited a similar tendency. The rainfall and temperature exhibited increasing trends. However, the WBCs exhibited an inverse trend, which suggested that the inline-formulaPET changes associated with temperature changes could not explain the change in the WBCs. Moreover, the 8-year (D3) and 16-year (D4) periodic components were generally responsible for the trends found in the original WBC data for the study area. The actual data was affected by noise, which resulted in the ARIMA model exhibiting an unsatisfactory performance. Therefore, wavelet denoising of the WBC time series was conducted to improve the performance of the ARIMA model. The quality of the denoising time series data was ensured using relevant statistical analysis. The performance of the WD-ARIMA model was assessed using the Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) coefficient and coefficient of determination (inline-formulaR2). The WD-ARIMA model exhibited very good performance, which clearly demonstrated the advantages of denoising the time series data for forecasting the WBCs. The validation results of the model revealed that the forecasted values were very close to actual values, with an acceptable mean percentage error. The residuals also followed a normal distribution. The performance and validation results indicated that models can be used for the short-term forecasting of WBCs. Further studies on different combinations of wavelet analysis are required to develop a superior model for the hydrological forecasting in the context of climate change. The findings of this study can be used to improve water resource management in the highly irrigated western part of Bangladesh.



Rahman, A. T. M. Sakiur / Ahmed, M. Shakil / Adnan, Hasnat Mohammad / et al: Modeling the changes in water balance components of the highly irrigated western part of Bangladesh. 2018. Copernicus Publications.


12 Monate:

Grafik öffnen


Rechteinhaber: A. T. M. Sakiur Rahman et al.

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung: