Laboratory spectral calibration of the TanSat atmospheric carbon dioxide grating spectrometer

Yang, Zhongdong; Zhen, Yuquan; Yin, Zenshan; Lin, Chao; Bi, Yanmeng; Liu, Wu; Wang, Qian; Wang, Long; Gu, Songyan; Tian, Longfei

TanSat is a key satellite mission in the Chinese Earth Observation program and is designed to measure the global atmospheric column-averaged dry-air inline-formulaCO2 mole fraction by measuring the visible and near-infrared solar-reflected spectra. The first Chinese super-high-resolution grating spectrometer for measuring atmospheric inline-formulaCO2 is aboard TanSat. This spectrometer is a suite incorporating three grating spectrometers that make coincident measurements of reflected sunlight in the near-infrared inline-formulaCO2 band near 1.61 and 2.06 inline-formulaµm and in the molecular oxygen (inline-formulaO2) A-band at 0.76 inline-formulaµm. The spectral resolving power (inline-formulaλ∕Δλ) values are inline-formula∼19 000, inline-formula∼12 800, and inline-formula∼12 250 in the inline-formulaO2 A-band, and the weak and strong absorption bands of inline-formulaCO2, respectively. This paper describes the prelaunch spectral calibration of the atmospheric carbon dioxide grating spectrometer aboard TanSat. Several critical aspects of the spectrometer, including the spectral resolution, spectral dispersion, and the instrument line shape function of each channel, which are directly related to producing the Level 1 products are evaluated in this paper. The instrument line shape function of the spectrometer is notably symmetrical and perfectly consistent across all channels in the three bands. The symmetry is better then 99.99 %, and the consistency in the worst case is better then 99.97 %, 99.98 %, and 99.98 % in the inline-formulaO2 A, Winline-formulaCO2, and Sinline-formulaCO2 bands, respectively. The resulting variations in the spectral calibrations and the radiometric response errors are negligible. The spectral resolution characterizations meet the mission requirements. The spectral dispersions have excellent consistency in the spatial dimension of each band, and there is good linearity in the spectral dimension of each band. The RMS errors of the fitting residuals are 0.9, 1, and 0.7 pm in the inline-formulaO2 A-band, the Winline-formulaCO2 band, and the Sinline-formulaCO2 band, respectively. Taken together, these results suggest that the spectral characterizations of the spectrometer aboard TanSat meet the mission requirements.

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Yang, Zhongdong / Zhen, Yuquan / Yin, Zenshan / et al: Laboratory spectral calibration of the TanSat atmospheric carbon dioxide grating spectrometer. 2018. Copernicus Publications.

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