Stability assessment of roadbed affected by ground subsidence adjacent to urban railways

Jeon, Sang-Soo; Park, Young-Kon; Eum, Ki-Young

In recent years, leakages in aged pipelines for water and sewage in urban areas have frequently induced ground loss, resulting in cavities and ground subsidence, causing roadbed settlement greater than the allowable value. In this study, FLACinline-formula3D, which is a three-dimensional finite-difference numerical modeling software, is used to perform stability and risk level assessment for the roadbed adjacent to urban railways with respect to various groundwater levels and the geometric characteristics of cavities. Numerical results show that roadbed settlement increases as the diameter (inline-formulaD) of the cavity increases and the distance (inline-formulad) between the roadbed and the cavity decreases. The regression analyses results show that, as inline-formulaDd is greater than 0.2 and less than 0.3, the roadbed is in the status of caution or warning. It requires a database of measurement sensors for real-time monitoring of the roadbed, structures and groundwater to prevent disasters in advance. As inline-formulaDd exceeds 0.35, the roadbed settlement substantially increases and the roadbed is in danger. Since this may result in highly probable traffic accidents, train operation should be stopped and the roadbed should be reinforced or repaired. The effects of groundwater level on roadbed settlement are examined and the analysis results indicate that roadbed settlement is highly influenced by groundwater levels to an extent greater than even the influence of the size of the cavity.



Jeon, Sang-Soo / Park, Young-Kon / Eum, Ki-Young: Stability assessment of roadbed affected by ground subsidence adjacent to urban railways. 2018. Copernicus Publications.


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