DETECTION AND EVALUATION OF TOPOLOGICAL CONSISTENCY IN CITYGML DATASETS
The topological consistency of Boundary-Representation models, meaning here that the incidence graph is homeomorphic with the underlying topology of geographical data, is checked for several CityGML datasets, and a first classification of topological inconsistencies is performed. The analysis is carried out on a spatial database system into which the datasets have been imported. It is found that real-world datasets contain many topologically inconsistent pairs of intersecting polygons. Also data satisfying the ISO/OGC standards can still be topologically inconsistent. In the case when the intersection is a point, topological inconsistency occurs because a vertex lies on a line segment. However, the most frequent topological inconsistencies seem to arise when the intersection of two polygons is a line segment. Consequently, topological queries in present CityGML data cannot rely on the incidence graph only, but must always make costly geometric computations if correct results are to be expected.