INDOOR SEMANTIC SEGMENTATION FROM RGB-D IMAGES BY INTEGRATING FULLY CONVOLUTIONAL NETWORK WITH HIGHER-ORDER MARKOV RANDOM FIELD
Indoor scenes have the characteristics of abundant semantic categories, illumination changes, occlusions and overlaps among objects, which poses great challenges for indoor semantic segmentation. Therefore, we in this paper develop a method based on higher-order Markov random field model for indoor semantic segmentation from RGB-D images. Instead of directly using RGB-D images, we first train and perform RefineNet model only using RGB information for generating the high-level semantic information. Then, the spatial location relationship from depth channel and the spectral information from color channels are integrated as a prior for a marker-controlled watershed algorithm to obtain the robust and accurate visual homogenous regions. Finally, higher-order Markov random field model encodes the short-range context among the adjacent pixels and the long-range context within each visual homogenous region for refining the semantic segmentations. To evaluate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed method, experiments were conducted on the public SUN RGB-D dataset. Experimental results indicate that compared with using RGB information alone, the proposed method remarkably improves the semantic segmentation results, especially at object boundaries.