AN INSIGHT INTO THE VOLUME COMPONENT GENERATED FROM RISAT-1 HYBRID POLARIMETRIC SAR DATA FOR CROP BIOPHYSICAL PARAMETERS RETRIEVAL
Polarimetric parameters have been extensively used for target parameters retrieval than backscattering coefficients. In previous studies, volume component generated from polarimetric SAR data has been considered as the return signal component from vegetation and intern used this for biophysical parameters retrieval. Un-polarized component of the return signal has been considered as volume component. The present study is mainly focused to analyze the volume component generated from C-band RISAT-1 hybrid polarimetric SAR data from wheat crop. Three temporal datasets acquired at ∼31° central incidence angle between Jan and Mar 2016 over parts of Bharatpur and Mathura districts located in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh (India) have been used in this study. Water Cloud Model with Gaps has been considered for modeling the first Stokes parameter (g 0), which represents total intensity of return signal, from wheat crop using LAI and Interaction factor as vegetation descriptors. The vegetation component derived using calibrated Water Cloud Model with Gaps has been analyzed with volume component derived from RISAT-1 hybrid polarimetric SAR data. The analyses observed that a significant difference during lower LAI values and shown comparably during higher LAI values. The higher values of volume component derived from RISAT-1 SAR data than modeled vegetation component indicates that the volume component can also be generated by underneath soil. It is also observed the difference in derived un-polarized component and modeled vegetation component has shown higher correlation with underneath soil moisture than directly correlating with derived un-polarized component. This study indicates that the volume component derived from hybrid polarimetric SAR data has return signals from vegetation as well as underneath soil.