DIGITAL DOCUMENTATION, BRIDGE DECK LINEARITY DEFORMATION AND DECK THICKNESS MEASUREMENT USING TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNER (TLS) AND CLOSE RANGE PHOTOGRAMMETRY (CRP)
Bridges are one of the vital and valuable engineer structure from decades. As they play a major role in the road transportation sector. Few old bridges lacks its documents about the measurements of the structure. The study has been carried out on three different types of bridges like Truss, Beam and Cable bridges. Documenting these bridges can be utilised to reconstruct or renovate the bridge in case of any disaster or damage. 3D documentation is made from the point cloud Dataset acquired from Terrestrial Laser Scanner – TLS (Riegl VZ 400) and Close Range photogrammetry – CRP (Nikon DSLR 5300). TLS and CRP point cloud are merged together to increase the density of points. Over the duration of time the bridge gets older and due to the load on the bridge deck, linearity in the deck effects and this linearity deformation measurement is important to know the present deformation in the deck. To know exactly at which part there is more linearity deformation, deflection is calculated at sample intervals between the present linearity conditions of the deck to the idle linearity conditions of the deck. The bridge deck thickness is also measured with the point cloud dataset. A slice is cut through the deck of point cloud dataset, the difference between the top and bottom layer of the deck gives us the thickness of the deck including the road. This thickness can be used to measure when a new deck layer is constructed or during filling up of any potholes. This study is mainly focused to help the construction and maintenance authority, bridge monitoring department and researchers.