MODELING OF PARAMETERS FOR FOREST FIRE RISK ZONE MAPPING
Forest fire has been regarded as one of the major reasons for the loss of biodiversity and dreadful conditions of environment. Global warming is also increasing the incidence of forest fire at an alarming rate. That’s why, one need to understand the complex biophysical parameters, which are responsible for this disaster. As it is difficult to predict forest fire, fire risk zone map can be useful for combating the forest fire. So the main aim of this study is to generate a Fire risk model to map fire risk zone using Remote Sensing & GIS technique. Pauri Garhwal District, located in Uttarakhand, India, has been selected for this study as it continually faces the problem of forest fire. Landsat-8 data of 18th April, 2016 have been used for land use land cover mapping. Slope and other information have been derived from topographic maps and field information. For thematic and topographic information analysis ArcGIS and ERDAS Imagine software have been used. Forest fire risk model was generated by using AHP method, where each category was assigned subjective weight according to their sensitivity to fire. Three categories of forest fire risk ranging from very high to low were derived. The generated forest fire risk model was found to be in strong agreement with actual fire-affected sites.