IDENTIFICATION AND MEASUREMENT OF DEFORMATION USING SENTINEL DATA AND PSINSAR TECHNIQUE IN COALMINES OF KORBA
Natural Resources extraction for production of goods increases the stress on land and on the environment. Coal Mines are the primary source for energy production. This process increases the continuous deformation on land by disturbing equilibrium beneath the surface. Interferometry techniques have a capability to detect the minute deformation with millimetre precision on the ground using microwave SAR data. The study area covers the largest open cast coal mines of Asia. In this study for minute deformation identification, Persistent Scatterer Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar (PSInSAR) technique has been used. Research focuses on the application of PSInSAR technique for terrain deformation detection using 17 SAR scene of Korba, Chhattisgarh, India acquired by the Sentinel-1 satellite of European Space Agency. This technique is capable to monitor the minute deformation in the coal mines of Korba, Chhattisgarh, India. The results predicted that the area is deformed with the velocity up to 30 mm/year in the coal mines and surroundings areas. The PSInSAR technique with the Sentinel-1 data provides the proficient tool for deformation monitoring in coal mines of Korba.