DEFORMATION MONITORING IN AND AROUND THE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION OF INDIA USING DINSAR TECHNIQUE
Urbanization increases the pressure on land and ground water. Due to pressure on land and over extraction of the ground water for modernization and development, deformation of land increase. The traditional deformation monitoring techniques are costly and time taking. The Differential Interferometry Technique (DInSAR) has capability to monitor regional scale deformation. Recently Vasundra region of the NCR has experienced a road subsidence near to the multiple stories building. In the study we have attempted to identify the Vasundra and nearby region by the DInSAR technology to identify the deformation in Delhi and NCR focused on the Vasundra area of Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. This is one of the developed and planned area in the Ghaziabad District. The Sentinel-1 C data has been used to monitor the deformation in that area. The Vasundra area has been deformed due to heavy rainfall and water logging in the surrounding area by which the road has been subsided up to 30 feet. Using the sentinel data we were able to identify the subsidence in Vasundra and nearby areas. Since the Sentinel scene was very big so a clear picture of the deformation indication in the NCR region are found which need more in-depth study further. Conclusively it can be said that DInSAR technique with Microwave data is a competent tool to monitor the minute deformation.