IDENTIFICATION OF LANDSLIDE SUSCEPTIBILITY ZONATION IN CNG GHAT SECTION, GUDALUR, THE NILGIRIS – USING GIS BASED ANN/MULTI CRITERIA METHOD
Among the various natural hazards, landslide is the most widespread and damaging hazard. In recent times, throughout a lot of attention is being drawn to evaluate the risk due to landslides. The invention of remote sensing and GIS have been new vistas in the field of geo scientific studies viz. geomorphological mapping, groundwater potential mapping, disaster management etc. The present study has been undertaken to study different thematic maps like, contour, drainage, slope, aspect, curvature, DEM, DTM, drainage density, drainage intensity, geology, lineament, lineament density, lineament intensity, geomorphology, land use, weathering thickness, run off, soil thickness and buffer maps like road, drainage, lineament etc. in CNG ghat section, Gudalur, The Nilgiris. For this purpose, the satellite image IRS – RS2, LISS III January 2014 used to prepare different thematic maps. The contour, drainage and road network were incorporate from SoI Toposheets. The slope, curvature, aspects and buffer maps were prepared from GIS environments. Based on field studies, above said thematic maps (22 nos.) were prepared and were grouped into 3 categories viz. Geology, Hydrology and Terrain. In each category the input maps were assigned different score as well as each layer has been given different weightage. Finally the categories are analysed through multi – criteria analysis to find out 5 different vulnerability classes. The 5 different land susceptibility zones are classified as very low, low, moderate, high and very high. The percentages of area under different susceptibility classes are 3%, 20%, 51%, 25%, and 1% respectively. The locations of small area major landslides and slip locations were calculated from different years using (2010 and 2014) Trimble GPS in the field. The field data was converted into point layer in GIS and landslide inventory map was prepared. This map was superimposed in landslide susceptibility zonation map. As per field data 0%, 9.25%, 57.5%, 32% and 1.25% Slide points are come under very low, low, moderate, high, very high susceptibility zones respectively.