Two new submodels for the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy): New Aerosol Nucleation (NAN) and small ions (IONS) version 1.0
Two new submodels for the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy) were developed. The New Aerosol Nucleation (NAN) submodel includes new parameterisations of aerosol particle formation rates published in recent years. These parameterisations include ion-induced nucleation and nucleation of pure organic species. NAN calculates the rate of new particle formation based on the aforementioned parameterisations for aerosol submodels in the ECHAM/MESSy Atmospheric Chemistry (EMAC) model. The ion pair production rate, needed to calculate the ion-induced or ion-mediated nucleation, is described using the new submodel IONS, which provides ion pair production rates for other submodels within the MESSy framework. Both new submodels were tested in EMAC simulations. These simulations showed good agreement with ground-based observations.