Hourly probabilistic snow forecasts over complex terrain: a hybrid ensemble postprocessing approach
Accurate and high-resolution snowfall and fresh snow forecasts are important for a range of economic sectors as well as for the safety of people and infrastructure, especially in mountainous regions. In this article a new hybrid statistical postprocessing method is proposed, which combines standardized anomaly model output statistics (SAMOS) with ensemble copula coupling (ECC) and a novel re-weighting scheme to produce spatially and temporally high-resolution probabilistic snow forecasts. Ensemble forecasts and hindcasts of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) serve as input for the statistical postprocessing method, while measurements from two different networks provide the required observations.This new approach is applied to a region with very complex topography in the eastern European Alps. The results demonstrate that the new hybrid method allows one not only to provide reliable high-resolution forecasts, but also to combine different data sources with different temporal resolutions to create hourly probabilistic and physically consistent predictions.