Use of canopy coefficients obtained from satellite data to estimate evapotranspiration over high mountain Mediterranean watersheds

Carpintero, Elisabet; González-Dugo, María P.; Jódar, Jorge; Martos-Rosillo, Sergio

This work explores the dynamics of the water consumed by the vegetation in two Mediterranean watersheds of Sierra Nevada Mountains (Southern Spain). This region has experienced an increase in the demand of water in the last years due to the growth of irrigated areas, and a new water resources plan is required. The evapotranspiration (ET) of irrigated horticultural crops and natural communities were monitored for the hydrological years 2013/14 and 2014/15, using an approach based on the concept of reference evapotranspiration (ETinline-formulao) and canopy coefficients derived from the computation of vegetation indices (VIs), which we will call the VI-ETinline-formulao approach. A set of Landsat-8 and MODIS images has been used as remote input data. The results were used for the spatial analysis of water consumption in terms of the main land cover types in the area. The annual runoff obtained with a simple surface water balance, using the ET values estimated by the VI-ETinline-formulao approach, was comparable to that obtained by the HBV (Hydrologiska Byrans Vattenbalansavdelning) model, a precipitation-runoff generation model that reproduces the observed river discharge at the outlet of the watershed.

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Carpintero, Elisabet / González-Dugo, María P. / Jódar, Jorge / et al: Use of canopy coefficients obtained from satellite data to estimate evapotranspiration over high mountain Mediterranean watersheds. 2018. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Elisabet Carpintero et al.

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