Profiling of CH 4 background mixing ratio in the lower troposphere with Raman lidar: a feasibility experiment

Veselovskii, Igor; Goloub, Philippe; Hu, Qiaoyun; Podvin, Thierry; Whiteman, David N.; Korenskiy, Mikhael; Landulfo, Eduardo

We present the results of methane profiling in the lower troposphere using LILAS Raman lidar from the Lille University observatory platform (France). The lidar is based on a frequency-tripled Nd:YAG laser, and nighttime profiling up to 4000 with 100 m height resolution is possible for methane. Agreement between the measured photon-counting rate in the inline-formulaCH4 Raman channel in the free troposphere and numerical simulations for a typical inline-formulaCH4 background mixing ratio (2 ppm) confirms that inline-formulaCH4 Raman scattering is detected. The mixing ratio is calculated from the ratio of methane (395.7 nm) and nitrogen (386.7 nm) Raman backscatters, and within the planetary boundary layer, an increase of the inline-formulaCH4 mixing ratio, up to a factor of 2, is observed. Different possible interfering factors, such as leakage of the elastic signal and aerosol fluorescence, have been taken into consideration. Tests using backscattering from clouds confirmed that the filters in the Raman channel provide sufficient rejection of elastic scattering. The measured methane profiles do not correlate with aerosol backscattering, which corroborates the hypothesis that, in the planetary boundary layer, not aerosol fluorescence but inline-formulaCH4 is observed. However, the fluorescence contribution cannot be completely excluded and, for future measurements, we plan to install an additional control channel close to 393 nm, where no strong Raman lines exist and only fluorescence can be observed.

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Veselovskii, Igor / Goloub, Philippe / Hu, Qiaoyun / et al: Profiling of CH4 background mixing ratio in the lower troposphere with Raman lidar: a feasibility experiment. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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