Study on the combined threshold for gully-type debris flow early warning

Huang, Jian; van Asch, Theodoor Wouterus Johannes; Wang, Changming; Li, Qiao

Gully-type debris flow induced by high-intensity and short-duration rainfall frequently causes great loss of properties and causalities in mountainous regions of southwest China. In order to reduce the risk by geohazards, early warning systems have been provided. A triggering index can be detected in an early stage by the monitoring of rainfall and the changes in physical properties of the deposited materials along debris flow channels. Based on the method of critical pore pressure for slope stability analysis, this study presents critical pore pressure threshold in combination with rainfall factors for gully-type debris flow early warning. The Wenjia gully, which contains an enormous amount of loose material, was selected as a case study to reveal the relationship between the rainfall and pore pressure by field monitoring data. A three-level early warning system (zero, attention, and warning) is adopted and the corresponding judgement conditions are defined in real time. Based on this threshold, there are several rainfall events in recent years have been validated in Wenjia gully, which prove that such a combined threshold may be a reliable approach for the early warning of gully-type debris flow to safeguard the population in the mountainous areas.

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Huang, Jian / van Asch, Theodoor Wouterus Johannes / Wang, Changming / et al: Study on the combined threshold for gully-type debris flow early warning. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Jian Huang et al.

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