Implementation of polarization diversity pulse-pair technique using airborne W-band radar

Wolde, Mengistu; Battaglia, Alessandro; Nguyen, Cuong; Pazmany, Andrew L.; Illingworth, Anthony

This work describes the implementation of polarization diversity on the National Research Council Canada W-band Doppler radar and presents the first-ever airborne Doppler measurements derived via polarization diversity pulse-pair processing. The polarization diversity pulse-pair measurements are interleaved with standard pulse-pair measurements with staggered pulse repetition frequency, this allows a better understanding of the strengths and drawbacks of polarization diversity, a methodology that has been recently proposed for wind-focused Doppler radar space missions. Polarization diversity has the clear advantage of making possible Doppler observations of very fast decorrelating media (as expected when deploying Doppler radars on fast-moving satellites) and of widening the Nyquist interval, thus enabling the observation of very high Doppler velocities (up to more than 100 inline-formulam s−1 in the present work). Crosstalk between the two polarizations, mainly caused by depolarization at backscattering, deteriorated the quality of the observations by introducing ghost echoes in the power signals and by increasing the noise level in the Doppler measurements. In the different cases analyzed during the field campaigns, the regions affected by crosstalk were generally associated with highly depolarized surface returns and depolarization of backscatter from hydrometeors located at short ranges from the aircraft. The variance of the Doppler velocity estimates can be well predicted from theory and were also estimated directly from the observed correlation between the inline-formulaH-polarized and inline-formulaV-polarized successive pulses. The study represents a key milestone towards the implementation of polarization diversity in Doppler space-borne radars.

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Wolde, Mengistu / Battaglia, Alessandro / Nguyen, Cuong / et al: Implementation of polarization diversity pulse-pair technique using airborne W-band radar. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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