SCAN-TO-BIM vs 3D IDEAL MODEL HBIM: PARAMETRIC TOOLS TO STUDY DOMES GEOMETRY
The contribution is part of an interdisciplinary research that aims to address the problems of knowledge, interpretation and documentation of vulnerable structures such as the brick Renaissance domes in Campania (XV-XVI century). The goal is to analyze the relationship between Survey, Historic Building Information Modelling (HBIM) and 3D parametric models based on geometric rules from Treaties to study and to manage Cultural Heritage. HBIM is generally based on scan-to-BIM process that allows to generate 3D model from point cloud. The reverse modeling process, from a point cloud to parametric geometric model, poses a series of issues at the center of cultural debate that currently takes place around HBIM. The experimentation underway is part of this research field with the aim of using the parametric approach as a tool able to introduce an additional methodology for big data interpretation. Currently we can identify two different approaches for the construction of a HBIM system: building a simplified model by identifying the shape grammar or building the geometric components from survey without using pre-compiled objects libraries, following the scan to BIM logic. In our research we are going to identify an "hybrid" methodology. Generally the process is based on the knowledge and critical abilities of individual scholars, the idea is to increase the efficiency of the system through collaborative workflow forms that allow to optimize the processes through effective knowledge management actions. We are going to use procedural modeling techniques to generate HBIM domes library.