A comprehensive study of hygroscopic properties of calcium- and magnesium-containing salts: implication for hygroscopicity of mineral dust and sea salt aerosols

Guo, Liya; Gu, Wenjun; Peng, Chao; Wang, Weigang; Li, Yong Jie; Zong, Taomou; Tang, Yujing; Wu, Zhijun; Lin, Qinhao; Ge, Maofa; Zhang, Guohua; Hu, Min; Bi, Xinhui; Wang, Xinming; Tang, Mingjin

Calcium- and magnesium-containing salts are important components for mineral dust and sea salt aerosols, but their physicochemical properties are not well understood yet. In this study, hygroscopic properties of eight Ca- and Mg-containing salts, including inline-formulaCa(NO3)2Radical⚫4H2O, inline-formulaMg(NO3)2Radical⚫6H2O, inline-formulaMgCl2Radical⚫6H2O, inline-formulaCaCl2Radical⚫6H2O, inline-formulaCa(HCOO)2, inline-formulaMg(HCOO)2Radical⚫2H2O, inline-formulaCa(CH3COO)2Radical⚫H2O and inline-formulaMg(CH3COO)2Radical⚫4H2O, were investigated using two complementary techniques. A vapor sorption analyzer was used to measure the change of sample mass with relative humidity (RH) under isotherm conditions, and the deliquescence relative humidities (DRHs) for temperature in the range of 5–30 inline-formulaC as well as water-to-solute ratios as a function of RH at 5 and 25 inline-formulaC were reported for these eight compounds. DRH values showed large variation for these compounds; for example, at 25 inline-formulaC DRHs were measured to be inline-formula∼ 28.5 % for inline-formulaCaCl2Radical⚫6H2O and inline-formula>95 % for inline-formulaCa(HCOO)2 and inline-formulaMg(HCOO)2Radical⚫2H2O. We further found that the dependence of DRH on temperature can be approximated by the Clausius–Clapeyron equation. In addition, a humidity tandem differential mobility analyzer was used to measure the change in mobility diameter with RH (up to 90 %) at room temperature, in order to determine hygroscopic growth factors of aerosol particles generated by atomizing water solutions of these eight compounds. All the aerosol particles studied in this work, very likely to be amorphous under dry conditions, started to grow at very low RH (as low as 10 %) and showed continuous growth with RH. Hygroscopic growth factors at 90 % RH were found to range from 1.26 inline-formula± 0.04 for inline-formulaCa(HCOO)2 to 1.79 inline-formula± 0.03 for inline-formulaCa(NO3)2, and the single hygroscopicity parameter ranged from 0.09–0.13 for inline-formulaCa(CH3COO)2 to 0.49–0.56 for inline-formulaCa(NO3)2. Overall, our work provides a comprehensive investigation of hygroscopic properties of these Ca- and Mg-containing salts, largely improving our knowledge of the physicochemical properties of mineral dust and sea salt aerosols.

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Guo, Liya / Gu, Wenjun / Peng, Chao / et al: A comprehensive study of hygroscopic properties of calcium- and magnesium-containing salts: implication for hygroscopicity of mineral dust and sea salt aerosols. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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