STRUCTURAL REHABILITATION AND REAL TIME MONITORING OF THE “PONTE DELLE GRAZIE” BRIDGE IN FAENZA, ITALY
The “Ponte delle Grazie” is a three spans bridge, with a total length of 72 meters, built between 1948 and 1952 in Faenza, Italy. The reinforced concrete main beams of the deck have undergone a strong deterioration over the years. In detail atmospheric agents and chemical aggressions caused a strong deterioration of the concrete, up to the point of making the structure not accessible and at risk of collapse. In fact, the five main beams were heavily damaged, as well as the concrete bearings were strongly compromised. So, an urgent intervention was necessary to save the structure of this historic bridge. A delicate restoration has allowed to remove the deteriorated concrete and to restore the resistant sections with new materials compatible with the old remaining structures. In particular, a specific rehabilitation procedure was studied using fiber-reinforced cement mortar with low elastic modulus, that is shrinkage compensated, in combination with composite materials reinforcements. Without modifying the structural behavior of the bridge, the deteriorated concrete was restored and reinforced, in a sustainable way, in order to make the structure safe and usable again. After the restoration and reinforcement the bridge capacity satisfy a reduced live load useful for urban traffic. After the restoration and reinforcement the bridge capacity satisfy a reduced live load useful for urban traffic. Even if the structure has returned to be suitable for vehicular traffic, it has been necessary to set up a real-time monitoring system, which monitors the live load and the behavior of the bridge. In detail it is used a system of geophones, that are able to detect the displacement of structures by integrating in time their response. They can provide continuous health monitoring of the bridge by transmitting the data to a remote server.