CO<sub>2</sub> drawdown due to particle ballasting by glacial aeolian dust: an estimate based on the ocean carbon cycle model MPIOM/HAMOCC version 1.6.2p3

Heinemann, Malte; Segschneider, Joachim; Schneider, Birgit

Despite intense efforts, the mechanisms that drive glacial–interglacial changes in atmospheric pCO2 are not fully understood. Here, we aim at quantifying the potential contribution of aeolian dust deposition changes to the atmospheric pCO2 drawdown during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). To this end, we use the Max Planck Institute Ocean Model (MPIOM) and the embedded Hamburg Ocean Carbon Cycle model (HAMOCC), including a new parameterization of particle ballasting that accounts for the acceleration of sinking organic soft tissue in the ocean by higher-density biogenic calcite and opal particles, as well as mineral dust. Sensitivity experiments with reconstructed LGM dust deposition rates indicate that the acceleration of detritus by mineral dust played a small role in atmospheric pCO2 variations during glacial–interglacial cycles – on the order of 5 ppmv, compared to the reconstructed ∼80 ppmv rise in atmospheric pCO2 during the last deglaciation. The additional effect of the LGM dust deposition, namely the enhanced fertilization by the iron that is associated with the glacial dust, likely played a more important role; although the full iron fertilization effect can not be estimated in the particular model version used here due to underestimated present-day non-diazotroph iron limitation, fertilization of diazotrophs in the tropical Pacific already leads to an atmospheric pCO2 drawdown of around 10 ppmv.

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Heinemann, Malte / Segschneider, Joachim / Schneider, Birgit: CO<sub>2</sub> drawdown due to particle ballasting by glacial aeolian dust: an estimate based on the ocean carbon cycle model MPIOM/HAMOCC version 1.6.2p3. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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